The project manager’s main role: Balance harmoniously the project constraints with each other
published by Rutencja Cengu
Project Management skills are going to become a requirement for almost any role. The project manager’s main responsibilities are Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling the project. The project manager’s main role is to constantly integrate by balancing harmoniously the project constraints with each other.
The project managers spend most of their times during the following six integration processes:
Reference: Project Management Institute. 2013, A guide to the project management body of knowledge: (PMBOK guide), 5th edition
- Develop Project Charter
- Develop Project Management Plan
- Direct and Manage Project Work
- Monitor and Control Project Work
- Perform Integrated Change Control
- Close Project or Phase
For example, in the Develop Project Charter, which defines in high level: Requirements, Objectives, Risks, Scope, and Preassigned Resources, the project manager is integrating all the knowledge area processes with each other: Scope, Time, Cost, Risks, Quality, Communications, Procurement, Human Resources, and Stakeholders
Another example, to illustrate the paramount role of the project manager as an integrator, is the Develop Project Management Plan process. The plan is the main document that defines the strategy for managing the project and processes. In this plan the project manager is defining how the project constraints – Scope, Schedule, Cost, Resources, Quality, Risks, etc. – will be managed and balanced with each other. Study the figure below to understand the interactions that happen during Develop the Project Management Plan process to gain an appreciation on the importance of the project manager as an integrator (PMBOK guide).